Download E-books Comparative Anatomy and Phylogeny of Primate Muscles and Human Evolution PDF

By Rui Diogo

This e-book demanding situations the belief that morphological facts are inherently flawed for phylogeny reconstruction, argues that either molecular and morphological phylogenies should still play a tremendous position in systematics, and offers the main complete evaluate of the comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the pinnacle, neck, pectoral and higher limb muscle groups of primates. Chapters 1 and a couple of supply an creation to the most goals and method of the booklet. Chapters three and four and Appendices I and II present the knowledge acquired from dissections of the top, neck, pectoral and top limb muscular tissues of consultant participants of the entire significant primate teams together with glossy people, and examine those info with the knowledge to be had within the literature. Appendices I and II supply precise textual (attachments, innervation, functionality, diversifications and synonyms) and visible (high caliber pictures) information regarding every one muscle for the primate taxa integrated within the cladistic research of bankruptcy three, hence delivering the 1st finished and recent assessment of the comparative anatomy of the top, neck, pectoral and higher limb muscular tissues of primates. The so much parsimonious tree received from the cladistic research of 166 head, neck, pectoral and top limb muscle characters in 18 primate genera, and in representatives of the Scandentia, Dermoptera and Rodentia, is totally congruent with the evolutionary molecular tree of Primates, hence helping the concept muscle characters are quite beneficial to deduce phylogenies. The mixed anatomical fabrics supplied during this booklet indicate that smooth people have fewer head, neck, pectoral and top limb muscle groups than such a lot different residing primates, yet are in line with the notion that facial and vocal communique and really good thumb hobbies have most likely performed a huge function in contemporary human evolution. This ebook may be of curiosity to primatologists, comparative anatomists, useful morphologists, zoologists, actual anthropologists, and systematicians, in addition to to scientific scholars, physicians and researchers attracted to realizing the foundation, evolution, homology and adaptations of the muscle mass of contemporary humans.

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