By David Wright
For a hundred and fifty years, Down Syndrome has constituted the archetypal psychological incapacity, simply recognisable by means of certain facial anomalies and actual stigmata. In a slim scientific feel, Down Syndrome is a typical ailment attributable to the presence of all or a part of an additional twenty first chromosome. it's named after John Langdon Down, the British asylum scientific superintendent who defined the syndrome as 'Mongolism' in a sequence of lectures in 1866. In 1959, the illness used to be pointed out as a chromosome 21 trisomy via the French paediatrician and geneticist Jï¿½rï¿½me Lejeune and has on the grounds that been referred to as Down Syndrome (in the English-speaking international) or Trisomy 21 (in many ecu countries). yet young children and adults born with this chromosomal abnormality have a massive collective heritage past their obvious significance to the historical past of scientific science.
David Wright, a Professor within the historical past of medication at McMaster collage, appears on the care and therapy of people with Down Syndrome - defined for a lot of heritage as 'idiots', - from Medieval Europe to the current day. the invention of the genetic foundation of the situation and the profound adjustments in attitudes, care, and early identity of Down Syndrome in the genetic period, displays the interesting scientific and social heritage of the illness.
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