By Jarmo Kotilaine
This learn is the 1st entire evaluate of Russia's advertisement relatives with the skin global within the 17th century and of the connection among exchange and financial development. in accordance with exhaustive learn in a few thirty archival repositories, it represents the 1st systematic quantification of commodity flows around the diversity of Russia's exchange companions. The publication unearths overdue Muscovy to were an more and more open economic system, experiencing outstanding advertisement enlargement pushed largely via its interplay with the skin global. It essentially debunks the concept of pre-Petrine Russia as a closed and stagnant, primarily mediaeval, society and tested a transparent hyperlink among seventeenth-century monetary coverage and Russia's next upward thrust to develop into one of many nice powers of the area.
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