By Maryjane Osa
After a sequence of failed makes an attempt at mobilizing society, Poland's competition sprang to surprising-and newly effective-life with the formation of the unity exchange union in 1980. If no longer for these prior mess ups, this booklet indicates, cohesion may by no means have succeeded. team spirit and competition deftly reconstructs the networks of protest in Communist Poland to teach how waves of dissent throughout the Fifties, Nineteen Sixties, and Seventies left an organizational residue that either prompt and enabled cohesion and, finally, the Polish revolution. utilizing newly on hand documentary assets, Maryjane Osa establishes hyperlinks among activists in the course of 3 waves of protest: 1954 to 1959, 1966 to 1970, and 1976 to 1980. She exhibits how political challengers, using classes drawn from prior mess ups, constructed an ideological formulation to de-emphasize divisive concerns and advertise symbolic issues, hence facilitating coalition development. cohesion used to be hence capable of reap the benefits of a wide competition community already good in position ahead of the founding of the union. an immense case research in itself, the ebook additionally solutions essentially the most interesting questions in social flow learn: how can activities emerge in authoritarian states-where media are nation managed, the rights of meeting and speech are limited, and the hazards of collective motion are excessive? Maryjane Osa is traveling assistant professor of sociology at Northwestern collage.
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