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Those stable Gertrudes explores the pro, civic, and private roles of ladies lecturers all through American background. Its voice, subject matters, and findings construct from the often unpublished writings of many ladies and their households, colleagues, and students. Geraldine J. Clifford studied own historical past manuscripts in records and consulted revealed autobiographies, diaries, correspondence, oral histories, interviews―even movie and fiction―to probe the multifaceted imagery that has surrounded teaching.

This huge ranging, inclusive, and comparative paintings surveys a protracted previous the place schoolteaching was once basically men's paintings, with girls relegated to constrained niches comparable to educating rudiments of the vernacular language to little ones and socializing women for standard gender roles. Clifford files and explains the emergence of ladies because the prototypical schoolteachers within the usa, a method obvious within the past due colonial interval and carrying on with throughout the 19th century, once they turned the vast majority of American private and non-private schoolteachers.

The capstone of Clifford’s exclusive occupation and the definitive ebook on ladies academics in the United States, Those strong Gertrudes will interact students within the background of schooling and women’s background, academics prior, current, and destiny, and readers with bright stories in their personal teachers.

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